The cervical collar was introduced to pre-hospital practice in 1967. It has been widely acknowledged that evidence supporting its use has been lacking, and that its use was therefore based upon hypothetical benefit.
The paramedic profession overall has transitioned from a patient-transport service to a specialised faculty of medicine in the last few decades.
In his role as National Ambulance Director, Peter Bradley states in the foreword of the National End of Life Care Programme for Ambulance Services (Association of Ambulance Chief Executives 2012) that ambulance services are crucial in the delivery of high quality care at end of life.
In December 2016, Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) hosted the Second International Conference of Applied Medicine/Paramedic. The primary aims of the conference were to equip its attendees to deal with medical emergencies currently prevalent in the middle east, to optimize all aspects of care for refugees and victims of war and social awareness, and to promote the spirit of universal participation.