Volume 13 Issue 2

CPR-induced consciousness (CPR-IC) out-of-hospital care: a scoping review protocol

Introduction: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation-induced consciousness (CPR-IC) is an increasing phenomenon where patients in cardiac arrest receive sufficient brain perfusion to display signs of awareness during resuscitation. This is likely due to improvements in CPR, such as high-performance resuscitation and mechanical devices. CPR-IC has been shown to interfere with rescue efforts and may lead to psychological trauma in both patients and clinicians. It is often witnessed in the out-of-hospital environment, so is significant for practitioners working in this setting. While the phenomenon of CPR-IC has been recognised for several decades, there are many gaps in the literature and no consensus has been reached over its definition or management.<sec sec-type="methods"> Methods: The JBI scoping review methodology will be used to map the existing literature and identify the extent of clinical knowledge and any gaps regarding the management of CPR-IC in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest globally. A comprehensive electronic search strategy will be employed to source works that meet to the study’s inclusion criteria. Relevant data will then be extracted and presented in tabular form with narrative descriptions. Discussion: CPR-IC is being seen more frequently and, because of its effects on resuscitation, more knowledge is required about appropriate management. This protocol provides the framework for a scoping review which will outline the extent of knowledge and identify areas requiring more research regarding out-of-hospital care of the patient with CPR-IC.

Factors associated with asthma and allergies in prehospital practitioners

Aim: This analysis was carried out to identify factors associated with asthma and allergies in prehospital emergency medical services staff in Germany over a 12-month period. Methods: Multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results: In total, 2313 prehospital emergency medical services staff from Germany were included into the analysis. Women had the highest prevalence of asthma (12.28%) and allergies (40.61%). Asthma was significantly associated with gender, with lower odds for male (AOR 0.60; 95% CI [0.45-0.81]) than female practitioners. Allergies were significantly associated with: gender (male: AOR: 0.57; 95% CI (0.47-0.70)); smoking status (smokers: AOR: 0.79 (95% CI (0.62-0.99)); and role (trainees: AOR 1.37; 95% CI (1.06-1.78)). Conclusion: There is a high 12-month prevalence of asthma and allergies in certain groups of prehospital emergency practitioners in Germany and this is associated with several factors.